Department of Forensic Chemistry
FOCuS = FOrensic ChemiStry
A mysterious white powder, a blood smear, and a pale blue or pink dead body—completely unrelated evidences.
But they could be significant for forensic chemists, who analyze physical evidence and samples for clues to solve crimes.
Various television shows have fascinated forensic scientists and made the field more popular.
Forensic chemistry is the application of basic principles of chemistry to assist the crime investigation. It covers qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic and inorganic compounds, poisons, arson and fire investigation, firearms and explosion residues. Role of analytical chemistry is pivotal in case of investigation as it uses dedicated techniques and instrumentation, spectroscopy and chromatography. Forensic chemistry is the most fascinating with respect to wide array of applications amongst all basic sciences.
The major applications of chemistry in Forensic Science are in the Forensic toxicology as it involves the lawful investigation of death due poisoning, and/ or drug abuse. Forensic toxicology is the study of poisons, alcohol and drugs (both licit and illicit) including their chemical composition, preparations and identification. It comprises the basic knowledge about the absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination characteristics of such compounds in the body.
Instrumentation and Laboratory Information
Forensic chemistry department is well established with specious laboratory having all basic and advance equipments.
In sophisticated laboratory instruments like UV/VISIBLE spectrophotometer, HPLC, FTIR, GC, etc are in working condition.
Qualitative and quantitative estimation and analysis of drugs, extraction, isolation and analysis of poisonous metals and other toxic compounds, explosives, simulated samples of viscera, petroleum fuels,
hydrocarbons, arson samples, adulterated foods, etc are analyzed with specialized instruments in the laboratory.
- Chemical weighing balance
- Digital pH meter
- Digital potentiometer
- Distillation assembly
- TLC Plate
- Digital conductivity meter
- Digital Spectrophotometer
- Vacuum pump
- UV cabinet
- Ostwald Viscometer
- Soxhlet Apparatus for Extraction
- Overhead Projector
- Bulk density apparatus
- Stop watch
- GC (Gas Chromatography).
- HPLC (High performance liquid chromatography).
- UV-Visible double beam spectrophotometer
- Rotary evaporator with accessories
- 5. FT-IR (Fourier Transform-Infra Red spectroscopy)